The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) amends the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and now requires vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies to set aside at least 15% of their federal funds to provide "pre-employment transition services" to "Students with Disabilities who are eligible or potentially eligible for VR services ."
Click each title below to view details:
- What is a Student with a Disability?
- What are the required Pre-employment transition services?
- What are additional authorized Pre-Employment Transition Services?
- What is Pre-Employment Transition Coordination?
A Student with a disability is an individual with a disability in a secondary, postsecondary, or other recognized education program who -
- is not younger than the earliest age for the provision of transition services under section 614(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII) unless the state elects a lower minimum age for receipt of pre-employment services and is not younger than that minimum age; and
- is not older than 21; unless the individual state law provides for a higher maximum age for receipt of services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.); and is not older than that maximum age; and
- is eligible for, and receiving, special education or related services under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1411 et seq.); or
- is an individual with a disability, for purposes of section 504.
What are the required Pre-Employment Transition Services?
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- Job exploration counseling
- Work-based learning experiences, which may include in-school or after school opportunities, experiences outside of the traditional school setting, and/or internships
- Counseling on opportunities for enrollment in comprehensive transition or postsecondary educational programs
- Workplace readiness training to develop social skills and independent living
- Instruction in self-advocacy
If funds remain, VR agencies may provide the following to improve the transition of students with disabilities from school to postsecondary education or an employment outcome:
- implement effective strategies that increase independent living and inclusion in their communities and competitive integrated workplaces;
- develop and improve strategies for individuals with intellectual and significant disabilities to live independently, participate in postsecondary education experiences, and obtain and retain competitive integrated employment;
- provide training to vocational rehabilitation counselors, school transition staff, and others supporting students with disabilities;
- disseminate information on innovative, effective, and efficient approaches to implement pre-employment transition services;
- coordinate activities with transition services provided by local educational agencies under IDEA;
- apply evidence-based findings to improve policy, procedure, practice, and the preparation of personnel;
- develop model transition demonstration projects;
- establish or support multistate or regional partnerships that involve States, local educational agencies, designated State units, developmental disability agencies, private businesses, or others; and
- disseminate information and strategies to improve the transition to postsecondary activities of those who are traditionally unserved.
Funds reserved for pre-employment transition services may be used for the required, authorized, and pre-employment transition coordination activities.
Pre-employment transition coordination consists of:
- Attending individualized education program meetings for students with disabilities, when invited;
- Working with the local workforce development boards, one-stop centers, and employers to develop work opportunities for students with disabilities, including internships, summer employment and other employment opportunities available throughout the school year, and apprenticeships;
- Working with schools, including those carrying out activities under section 614(d) of the IDEA, to coordinate and ensure the provision of pre-employment transition services;
- When invited, attending person-centered planning meetings for individuals receiving services under title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.);