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Phase One of the national study of the change in 14c employers and subminimum wage workers is now complete!

Current WINTAC researcher Jenean Jacobs and former WINTAC researcher Sarah Hancock have completed a study that spans from January, 2016 through July, 2018 on the change in the number of 14c certificate holders and the change in the number of individuals with disabilities working in subminimum wage employment. This information is based on data from the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor.

Click here to see a summary of the change by State (This should result in a download of the spreadsheet on the summary of changes)

Click here to see the specific State by State according to the tabs at the bottom of the spreadsheet (This should result in a download of the larger “all states” spreadsheet)

Stay tuned for Phase Two of the project which will examine what happened to the 14c holders that let their certificates expire without renewing.

Note: In some instances, the data from DOL shows a 14c holder as active but no data is listed during the most recent report. This is the reason for the extra column in the summary sheet and the additional calculation in each of the spreadsheet tabs.


This section of the website includes resources that we hope you will find useful related to Section 511, subminimum wage employment, and related topics.  We will be adding to this section regularly, so please check back often.