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Promising Practices and Literature Review

This section contains information on promising and emerging practices regarding the Resources and Strategies for Competitive Integrated Employment. In addition, this section includes a literature review of information and articles relevant to Competitive Integrated Employment. We have included a short description of the content of the articles in the literature review to help you determine if it is of interest to you.

The articles can be downloaded by clicking on the title of the article next to the description. The literature review will have content added regularly, so please check back often.

  • Hielscher, E., & Waghorn, G. (2015). Managing disclosure of personal information: An opportunity to enhance supported employment. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 38(4), 306-313.

    OBJECTIVE: Job tenure for people with severe mental disorders, even for those enrolled in supported employment programs, is typically brief. Few studies to date have investigated the relationship between accommodations and natural supports available in the workplace, and job tenure for this population. The main objectives of this study were to develop and to validate a new measure to describe work accommodations and natural supports available in the workplace and to determine which of them are significantly related to job tenure for participants enrolled in supported employment services. METHODS: In total, 124 people with a severe mental disorder enrolled in supported employment programs and who obtained only one competitive employment at the 9-month follow-up answered the Work Accommodation and Natural Support Scale (WANSS). They also provided information regarding their disclosure (or non-) of mental disorders in the workplace and the length of their job tenure. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis conducted on the WANSS showed 40 items distributed on 6 dimensions (e.g., Schedule flexibility). Correlation results showed that disclosure was significantly related to the number of work accommodations and natural supports available in the workplace. Survival analyses indicated that one WANSS dimension was more salient in predicting job tenure: Supervisor and coworker supports. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION FOR PRACTICE: The WANSS is a valid and useful tool to assess work accommodations and natural supports available in the workplace that employment specialists could use in their practice.

    From Corbière, M., Villotti, P., Lecomte, T., Bond, G. R., Lesage, A., & Goldner, E. M. (2014). Work accommodations and natural supports for maintaining employment. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 37(2), 90-98. Copyright © 2014 American Psychological Association. Reproduced with permission.

Literature Review

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